Abstract

Several research questions exist concerning the effectiveness of employee wellness programs. Do Theory of Reasoned action components such as health attitudes and intentions lead to wellness program involvement? Does wellness program involvement moderate the relationships between occupational stress, turnover, and job performance, such that wellness involvement mitigates the negative impact of occupational stress? Additionally, does wellness involvement moderate the relationships between work/life imbalance, turnover, and job performance, such that wellness involvement mitigates the negative impact of work/life imbalance? Data from 10,430 employees of an organization with an optional wellness program was analyzed. Hypotheses relating to TRA and the work/life imbalance-job performance relationship were supported. Components of TRA predicted wellness participation and behavioral intentions mediated the relationship between attitudes and involvement. Wellness involvement moderated the relationship between work/life imbalance and job performance, such that employees who experienced work/life imbalance and were involved in the wellness program outperformed other employees. Additionally, the turnover hypotheses had striking results. Out of the 4,265 wellness program participants, only one instance of turnover occurred within a year of the wellness program's initiation. The lack of variance in turnover of wellness participants prohibited statistical analyses, yet the results suggest a main effect of wellness on turnover. Implications for the promotion of wellness participation, work/life imbalance interventions, and retentions strategies are discussed as well as limitations and implications for future research.

Advisor

Lisa Perez

First Committee Member

Daniel Sachau

Second Committee Member

Cindra Kamphoff

Date of Degree

2012

Language

english

Document Type

Thesis

Degree

Master of Arts (MA)

Department

Psychology

College

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License

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