The purpose of the current study is to improve understanding of the process of recovery from work related stress by examining work and leisure control as moderating variables of the recovery-strain relationship. This study examines the relationships between control (work/leisure), recovery experiences (mastery/detachment), and strain outcomes (need for recovery/psychological distress). Moderation multiple regression analyses (N= 233) reveal that work control moderates the relationship between mastery and psychological distress, mastery and need for recovery, as well as the relationship between psychological detachment and need for recovery. It appears that among individuals high in work control, mastery is related to lower psychological distress and need for recovery than those with low work control. Results also indicate that at low levels of work control, the negative relationship between psychological detachment and need for recovery is stronger than at high levels of work control. Thus, it appears that engaging in psychological detachment is more important for employees with low levels of work control than those with high levels of work control. Important implications for organizations and its employees can be drawn from this research.


Lisa M. Perez

First Committee Member

Kristie Campana

Second Committee Member

Marilyn L. Fox

Date of Degree




Document Type



Master of Arts (MA)




Social and Behavioral Sciences

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License



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