The purpose of the current study was to examine the efficacy of a novel memory enhancement procedure for individuals with dementia named "memory priming." Three elderly individuals with a diagnosis of dementia participated in the study. Baseline procedures involved identifying low-probability items that served as targets for the intervention and moderate-probability questions that served as control items. A variation of a reversal design was implemented to compare three different conditions: the memory priming intervention and two control conditions that involved reading aloud and a watching a video. The results of the study indicated that individuals with moderate-to-severe memory impairment do have the ability to increase their recall of personally-relevant information, and that an activity requiring cognitive effort (i.e.,reading aloud and engaging in a preferred conversation) may produce the most benefit compared to a more passive and less cognitively stimulating activity (i.e., watching a video).


Jeffrey Buchanan

First Committee Member

Daniel Houlihan

Second Committee Member

Don Ebel

Date of Degree




Document Type



Master of Arts (MA)




Social and Behavioral Sciences

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License



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