Looking at the societies of Haiti and Japan after the earthquakes, the effects of the disasters to each society are not the same. This research paper discusses that the effects of a disaster on society are the result of social conditions. Utilizing the theories of world-system perspective and risk society, this paper tries to understand how historical process contributes to contemporary social structure and how a holistic approach is important to the discussion of different experiences of the earthquakes in Haiti and Japan. As a method, comparative historical method is utilized with the focus of within-case method, and major sources for this research are collected from historical documents from both primary and secondary sources. Discussions include brief histories of Haiti and Japan, the world position of Haiti and Japan within world-system perspective, the effects of the earthquakes occurred in Haiti and Japan, and different experiences and effects of the earthquakes on each society as well as their struggles.


Paul Prew

First Committee Member

William Wagner

Second Committee Member

Hanh Huy Phan

Date of Degree




Document Type



Master of Science (MS)


Sociology and Corrections


Social and Behavioral Sciences

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License



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