Sensitivity of Children's Behavior to Probabilistic Reward: Effects of a Decreasing-Ratio Lottery on Math Peformance
Probabilistic reward has been shown to affect children's choice behavior in game-like activities. We examined the effects of a lottery system containing progressively lower exchange ratios on children's completion of math problems. Two of the 3 children completed problems above baseline levels until the chance of exchange dropped to 25%. This study describes a potentially useful method for examining reinforcement schedules in applied settings and extends previous research on probabilities of reinforcement.
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Martens, B. K., Ardoin, S. P., Hilt, A.M., Lannie, A. L., Panahon, C. J., & Wolfe, L. (2002) Sensitivity of Children’s Behavior to Probabilistic Reward: Effects of a Decreasing-Ratio Lottery on Math Performance. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 35(4), 403-406.
Publisher's Copyright and Source
Copyright © John Wiley & Sons. Article published by John Wiley & Sons in Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, volume 35, issue number 4, Winter 2002, pages 403-406. Available online on February 27, 2013: http://doi.org/10.1901/jaba.2002.35-403.