Is Smoking Related to Body Image Satisfaction, Stress, and Self-Esteem in Young Adults?
Objectives: To examine the association of smoking and gender with body image satisfaction, perceived stress, and self-esteem in young adults. Methods: Respondents completed a survey consisting of Perceived Stress Scale, Body-Areas Satisfaction Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule. Current smokers (n = 483) and never smokers (n = 973) are included. Results: Smoking and female gender were independently associated with higher perceived stress (P < 0.001). Female gender was associated with lower body image satisfaction and lower self-esteem (P < 0.001). Current smoking was associated with lower self-esteem (P = 0.007). Conclusion: Smoking treatment should include stress management and self-esteem and body image improvement.
American Journal of Health Behavior
Croghan, I. T., Bronars, C., Patten, C. A., Schroeder, D. R., Nirelli, L. M., Thomas, J. L., Clark, M. M., Vickers, K. S., Foraker, R., Lane, K., Houlihan, D., Offord, K. P., Hurt, R. D. (2006). Is Smoking Related to Body Image Satisfaction, Stress, and Self-Esteem in Young Adults? American Journal of Health Behavior, 30(3), 322-333.
Publisher's Copyright and Source
Copyright © 2006 PNG Publications. Article published by PNG Publications in American Journal of Health Behavior, volume 30, issue number 3, May 2005, pages 322-333.
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