Location

CSU 254

Start Date

21-4-2014 3:15 PM

End Date

21-4-2014 4:15 PM

Student's Major

Elementary and Early Childhood Education

Student's College

Education

Mentor's Name

Elizabeth Sandell

Mentor's Email Address

elizabeth.sandell@mnsu.edu

Mentor's Department

Elementary and Early Childhood Education

Mentor's College

Education

Description

The study examined the relationship between Temperament Type and changes in Cultural Competency among a group of university undergraduate students. For this study, Temperament Type (Keirsey, 1998) was considered to be a set of observable personality traits, e.g., communication, habits, behavior patterns, values, attitudes, talents, etc. Cultural Competency, according to Hammer and Bennett (2010), was defined as “the capability to accurately understand and adapt behavior to cultural difference and commonality.” The study responded to this research question: To what extent does Temperament Type affect changes in the Cultural Competency of undergraduates? Data was collected using two computer-based, online inventories. First 50 undergraduate students completed the 70-question Keirsey Temperament Sorter – II (KTS-II) to categorize their personality type. These types are based on four categories of personality: (a) introvert – extrovert; (b) intuitive – sensory; (c) feeling – thinking; and (d) judging – perceiving. Second, students completed the Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI), developed by Hammer and Bennett (1998, 2001.) The IDI had 50 Likert-type items that were answered in 20 to 30 minutes. The IDI was based on Bennett’s Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (1986), which identified five orientations toward cultural differences: denial, polarization, minimization, acceptance, and adaptation. Data was collected at the beginning and at the conclusion of the 16-week course, in order to measure changes in Cultural Competency that occurred possibly as a result of the course experiences. The results of this study will help determine the efficacy of teaching methods used by the instructors to develop Cultural Competency.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License

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Apr 21st, 3:15 PM Apr 21st, 4:15 PM

The Relationship Between Temperament and Changes in Cultural Competency Among Undergraduate Students

CSU 254

The study examined the relationship between Temperament Type and changes in Cultural Competency among a group of university undergraduate students. For this study, Temperament Type (Keirsey, 1998) was considered to be a set of observable personality traits, e.g., communication, habits, behavior patterns, values, attitudes, talents, etc. Cultural Competency, according to Hammer and Bennett (2010), was defined as “the capability to accurately understand and adapt behavior to cultural difference and commonality.” The study responded to this research question: To what extent does Temperament Type affect changes in the Cultural Competency of undergraduates? Data was collected using two computer-based, online inventories. First 50 undergraduate students completed the 70-question Keirsey Temperament Sorter – II (KTS-II) to categorize their personality type. These types are based on four categories of personality: (a) introvert – extrovert; (b) intuitive – sensory; (c) feeling – thinking; and (d) judging – perceiving. Second, students completed the Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI), developed by Hammer and Bennett (1998, 2001.) The IDI had 50 Likert-type items that were answered in 20 to 30 minutes. The IDI was based on Bennett’s Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (1986), which identified five orientations toward cultural differences: denial, polarization, minimization, acceptance, and adaptation. Data was collected at the beginning and at the conclusion of the 16-week course, in order to measure changes in Cultural Competency that occurred possibly as a result of the course experiences. The results of this study will help determine the efficacy of teaching methods used by the instructors to develop Cultural Competency.

Recommended Citation

Akyeampong, Kwame Opoku and Olufoljimi Onadipe. "The Relationship Between Temperament and Changes in Cultural Competency Among Undergraduate Students." Undergraduate Research Symposium, Mankato, MN, April 21, 2014.
http://cornerstone.lib.mnsu.edu/urs/2014/oral_session_14/1

 

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