Background: Heart failure is a chronic condition that commonly results in frequent hospitalizations and increases risk of mortality (Kotb et al., 2015; Ong et al., 2016; Pekmezaris et al., 2018). In addition, heart failure places a significant burden on healthcare costs and utilization of resources (Hale et al., 2016; Kotb et al., 2015; Ong et al., 2016). Measures to reduce heart failure readmissions, mortality, and overall costs are needed. Telemedicine interventions may be beneficial in the management of heart failure; however, the current research provides unclear and inconclusive findings in regard to the effectiveness of telemedicine interventions on heart failure readmissions and mortality (Kraai et al., 2016). Aim: The aim of this literature review is to evaluate the impact of telemedicine interventions on heart failure readmissions and mortality. Methods: A literature review was conducted using five healthcare-related databases for data collection. A systematic search process was employed to extract literature that was relevant and answered the identified clinical question using keywords and specific inclusion and exclusion criteria. A total of 10 studies met inclusion criteria for critical appraisal. Results: Study outcomes related to heart failure readmissions and mortality were mixed. Limitations of the studies as well as direction for future studies were identified. Conclusions: Synthesized findings from this literature review identify that telemedicine interventions may improve outcomes in heart failure patients. However, further research studies are warranted to evaluate the efficacy of telemedicine on heart failure outcomes.


Hans-Peter de Ruiter

Date of Degree




Document Type



Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)


School of Nursing


Allied Health and Nursing

Included in

Telemedicine Commons


Rights Statement

In Copyright