Anxiety is common in pregnancies that occur after a miscarriage or perinatal loss and can lead to detrimental effects on the mother and fetus. The objective of this literature review is to examine whether caring-based nursing actions and anxiety-reducing interventions decrease the self-report of anxiety more than self-management alone. A literature search of four journal databases was conducted using related keywords which produced 429 studies for consideration. A total of 57 studies were reviewed for a match with the inclusion criteria. Nine studies were included in the review provided knowledge of anxiety in pregnancy after loss, discussed anxiety self-management techniques, and/or presented efficacious interventions to reduce the anxiety. These interventions included caring-based nursing actions along with relaxation, journaling, and using “I” messages. Studies were excluded if they did not focus on anxiety in combination with a subsequent pregnancy after a loss. The caring-based nursing actions combined with the anxiety-reducing interventions lowered anxiety more than women performing self-management techniques alone. This knowledge should empower care providers to utilize caring-based nursing actions and teach anxiety-reducing activities in order to assist women experiencing pregnancy after a loss to reduce their self-reported feelings of anxiety.
Date of Degree
Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)
School of Nursing
Allied Health and Nursing
Lemker, Jessica, "Anxiety Reduction in Pregnancy Subsequent to Perinatal Loss" (2018). All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects. 763.
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