This study examined the relationship between intensive mothering constructs and work-family conflict of working mother. The study consisted of 412 participants who identified themselves as mothers who work outside of the home. Participants identified mainly as Caucasian (97.57%), in a domestic partnership (80.3%), who worked 40 hours or more outside of the home (70.9%). The majority believed their work schedule was flexible (58.2%) and worked standard hours (86.2%). Results indicated mothers who worked outside of the home 10-20 hours per week were less likely to endorse Child-Centered, Stimulation, and Essentialism beliefs. Mothers who worked outside of the home 1-10 hours per week endorsed slightly higher Fulfillment and Essentialism beliefs. Overall, as the level of education increased endorsement of Child-Centered, Fulfillment, and Essentialism decreased. Further, mothers who reported their schedules as flexible identified slightly lower work-to-family direction of the conflict. Additionally, others who endorsed nonstandard hours endorsed higher levels of the work-to-family direction of conflict and slightly lower levels of the family-to-work direction of the conflict. A correlation matrix was utilized to assess the relationship between the intensive mothering constructs and the two directions and six dimensions of work-family conflict, which resulted in weak significant relationships between the variables. This quantitative study extends the research on intensive mothering by utilizing a quantitative measure of intensive mothering while focusing on additional factors including maternal employment, which is widely under-researched. Recommendations for further research ideas will be discussed.


Karin Lindstrom Bremer

Committee Member

Jacqueline Lewis

Committee Member

Diane Coursol

Committee Member

John Seymour

Date of Degree




Document Type



Doctor of Education (EdD)


Counseling and Student Personnel





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