This study examined the relationship between intensive mothering constructs and work-family conflict of working mother. The study consisted of 412 participants who identified themselves as mothers who work outside of the home. Participants identified mainly as Caucasian (97.57%), in a domestic partnership (80.3%), who worked 40 hours or more outside of the home (70.9%). The majority believed their work schedule was flexible (58.2%) and worked standard hours (86.2%). Results indicated mothers who worked outside of the home 10-20 hours per week were less likely to endorse Child-Centered, Stimulation, and Essentialism beliefs. Mothers who worked outside of the home 1-10 hours per week endorsed slightly higher Fulfillment and Essentialism beliefs. Overall, as the level of education increased endorsement of Child-Centered, Fulfillment, and Essentialism decreased. Further, mothers who reported their schedules as flexible identified slightly lower work-to-family direction of the conflict. Additionally, others who endorsed nonstandard hours endorsed higher levels of the work-to-family direction of conflict and slightly lower levels of the family-to-work direction of the conflict. A correlation matrix was utilized to assess the relationship between the intensive mothering constructs and the two directions and six dimensions of work-family conflict, which resulted in weak significant relationships between the variables. This quantitative study extends the research on intensive mothering by utilizing a quantitative measure of intensive mothering while focusing on additional factors including maternal employment, which is widely under-researched. Recommendations for further research ideas will be discussed.
Karin Lindstrom Bremer
Date of Degree
Doctor of Education (EdD)
Counseling and Student Personnel
Baker, Casey E., "Working Mothers: The Relationship Between Intensive Mothering and Work-Family Conflict" (2018). All Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects. 835.
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