New Directions for NPDA and NFA LD
Presumption as a part of formal debate is examined in this paper, which discusses Richard Whately's ideas about presumption and burden of proof in argumentation, how these ideas have been applied as paradigms and judging criteria in competitive debate, and how these same ideas fit into the practice of parliamentary debate. General conclusions about broad applications of debate "rules" are drawn, then, from this example, and suggestions are made for future study.
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Unruh, Tammy Duvanel
"Presumption in Parliamentary Debate: Examining Whately's Ideas and their Application to an Emerging and Evolving Debate Style,"
Proceedings of the National Developmental Conference on Individual Events: Vol. 3:
1, Article 15.
Available at: https://cornerstone.lib.mnsu.edu/ndcieproceedings/vol3/iss1/15