1st Student's Major

World Languages and Cultures

1st Student's College

Arts and Humanities

Students' Professional Biography

Danielle Geistfeld was born in Mankato, Minnesota. She received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Psychology from Bethany Lutheran College in Mankato, Minnesota in 2006. She also received a Bachelor of Arts degree in German from Minnesota State University, Mankato in 2015. Danielle hopes to continue her education in pursuit of an advanced degree in German.

Mentor's Name

Nadja Krämer

Mentor's Email Address


Mentor's Department

World Languages and Cultures

Mentor's College

Arts and Humanities


This paper focuses on the short story Der Sandmann by E.T.A. Hoffmann. Originally published in 1817, Der Sandmann tells the story of Nathaniel and his struggle to distinguish what is real and what is fantasy, his descent into madness and his ultimate, yet ambiguous, vindication in the end. E.T.A. Hoffmann was a prolific writer of the German Romantic period (1795-1848), authoring works such as The Nutcracker and the Mouse King, the literary original of the well-known ballet by Tchaikovsky. Poe, Dickens, Kafka, Dostoevsky and Alfred Hitchcock all name Hoffmann as a major influence - he is widely regarded as the father of modern fantasy, detective and science fiction literature. Hoffmann wrote extensively about the weird, the fantastical: the uncanny. This paper explores the ideas presented in Hoffmann's two-century-old text, whos ideas play out prominently in contemporary American popular culture.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 License



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