1st Student's Major


1st Student's College

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Students' Professional Biography

Brandon Tischer is from Mankato, Minnesota and is a Psychology major at Minnesota State University, Mankato. He intends to attend graduate school in Canada and enter practice as a clinical psychologist.

Mentor's Name

Eric Sprankle

Mentor's Email Address


Mentor's Department


Mentor's College

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Other Mentors

Amanda Bartley, College of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Psychology


Sexual behaviors, such as masturbation, extend into older adulthood (50+ years in chronological age) and are present at all stages of the aging process. Different living situations and circumstances for older adults can affect masturbatory behavior, such as death of spouse, living in long-term care facilities, and cognitive decline. This literature review evaluates extant research on older adult masturbation, comprising 29 articles included in the final review, all published between 1991 and 2021. They consist of literature reviews, meta-studies, cross-sectional studies, semi-structured interviews, systematic reviews, and case studies. Current evidence suggests that masturbatory behaviors are an important part of older adult sexual health, although they decline in frequency across the aging, and increase in the absence of a spouse. Presence of masturbatory behaviors are not as conducive to life satisfaction as partnered sexual activity. However, older adults who masturbate in absence of partnered sexual activity have generally higher life satisfaction than those who are not sexually active. Findings suggest that older adult masturbatory behaviors are affected by social aspects, including class, religion, educational attainment, gender, and assigned sex, in addition to biological aspects, such as presence or absence of erectile dysfunction, arthritis, dementia, and so on.



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