1st Student's Major

Communication Studies

1st Student's College

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Students' Professional Biography

Kimberly Halpin is a student in the Communication Studies program at Minnesota State University, Mankato.

Mentor's Name

Warren Sandmann

Mentor's Email Address


Mentor's Department

Communication Studies

Mentor's College

Arts and Humanities


I researched the processes used by intercollegiate athletes to maintain confidence throughout their sports career, including how they prepared for games/competitions, how they dealt with pressures, and how other factors affected their performance and thought process during games. For this research, I created and administered an online survey to 70 college athletes across four sports. I found that many things gave the athletes confidence in themselves to play their sport such as family and preparation. However, some things also lowered the respondents’ confidence levels such as failing and negativity. Results imply that athletes, for the most part, seem confident and optimistic. The majority of participants had past struggles with confidence, but were able to overcome them with the support of teammates, coaches, family, and friends.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License



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