Mechanical and Civil Engineering
Incorporating safety performance measures into asset management can assist transportation agencies in managing their aging assets efficiently and improve system-wide safety. Past research has revealed the relationship between individual asset performance and safety, but the relationship between combined measures of operational asset condition and safety performance has not been explored. This project investigates the effect of pavement marking retroreflectivity and pavement condition on safety in a multi-objective manner. Data on one-mile segments for all Iowa primary roads from 2004 through 2009 were collected from the Iowa Department of Transportation and integrated using linear referencing. An asset condition index (ACI) was estimated for the road segments by scoring and weighting individual components. Statistical models were then developed to estimate the relationship between ACI and expected number of crashes, while accounting for exposure (average daily traffic). Finally, the researchers evaluated alternative treatment strategies for pavements and pavement markings using benefit-cost ratio analysis, taking into account corresponding treatment costs and safety benefits in terms of crash reduction (number of crashes proportionate to crash severity).
Gao, J., Gkritza, K., Smadi, O., Hawkins, N., Bektaş, B. A., and Nlenanya, I. (2012). Asset Management and Safety: A Performance Perspective, Final Report, MTC Project 2009-01. https://intrans.iastate.edu/research/completed/asset-management-and-safety-a-performance-perspective/