The proliferation of online employee selection testing is causing a growing concern for the possibility of cheating. This study examines the interrelationships between personality factors and cheating behavior on unproctored selection testing. Past research has indicated that individuals with high specific self-efficacy are less likely to cheat. It was hypothesized that high levels of both general self-efficacy (GSE) and specific self-efficacy (SSE) predict lower rates of cheating overall. Additionally, Chance et al.'s (2001) study on self-deception demonstrated that students who cheat experience inflated confidence for future performance; this study extends this research by examining the effect cheating has on an individual's level of self-efficacy. Results indicate that, contrary to what was hypothesized, GSE positively correlates with cheating while SSE does not predict cheating. As hypothesized, GSE did not vary following cheating; however, SSE significantly decreased rather than increased following cheating. These findings prompt a number of questions for future research.


Kristie Campana

First Committee Member

Lisa Perez

Second Committee Member

Miles Smayling

Date of Degree




Document Type



Master of Arts (MA)




Social and Behavioral Sciences

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License



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