Social media has become the way we connect with the world. Social networking sites, including Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat, Twitter and TikTok, allow users to share intimate details of their lives, upload photographs, initiate and maintain relationships, plan social gatherings, observe the lives of others and express beliefs, values and emotions. In the last ten years, numerous articles have focused on the relationship between social media use and mental health however, very few studies have concentrated on self-esteem, especially in teenage females. The purpose of this literature review is to explore the associations between increased social media activity (greater than 2 hours daily) and self-esteem in adolescent (aged 13-19) females in comparison to those teens participating less than 2 hours of social media daily viewing. Five databases including Academic Search Premier, APA PsychInfo, CINAHL, MEDLINE and Pubmed were searched utilizing several key words resulting in a total of 11 articles for inclusion in this systematic review of literature. Studies were included if they addressed social media use, self-esteem and reported the total screen time adolescents used. The overwhelming evidence suggests a negative relationship between increased social media use and self-esteem.


Gwen Verchota

Date of Degree




Document Type



Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)


School of Nursing


Allied Health and Nursing



Rights Statement

In Copyright