This project explores how mental health stigmatization influences communication apprehension and the willingness to communicate about mental illness. A total of 153 people completed an online survey regarding three variables. Perceived stigma and communication apprehension when communicating about their own mental health were found to be positively correlated. Perceived stigma and communication apprehension when communicating about someone else’s mental health was also found to be positively correlated. Communicating about one’s own mental illness lead to higher levels of communication apprehension compared to communicating about someone else’s mental illness. Communication apprehension when talking about one’s own mental health and willingness to communicate was found to be negatively correlated. Communication apprehension when talking about someone else’s mental health and willingness to communicate was also found to be negatively correlated. My study found significant relationships between the three variables. When talking about one’s own mental health, perceived stigma increases communication apprehension, which decreases the willingness to communicate. Thus, communication apprehension mediates the relationship between perceived stigma and willingness to communicate. Theoretical implications were explored using Communication Privacy Management theory, Stigma Management Communication theory, and Anxiety/Uncertainty Management theory. Practical implications included increasing social support, mental health literacy, and positive media influence.
Date of Degree
Master of Arts (MA)
Program of Study
Arts and Humanities
Winkler, M. L. (2021). The relationship between the stigmatization of mental illness, communication apprehension and the willingness to communicate [Master’s thesis, Minnesota State University, Mankato]. Cornerstone: A Collection of Scholarly and Creative Works for Minnesota State University, Mankato. https://cornerstone.lib.mnsu.edu/etds/1167
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 International License.