The following APP is part of an investigation and development, carried out to design, and implement a hydroelectric turbine of horizontal axis, in order to generate electrical energy in rural areas, utilizing existing infrastructure or natural waterways such as irrigation canals, piping, rivers and streams. Every industrialized country, as well as, most of the developing nations, have a stake in agriculture and thus access to the infrastructure required for irrigation purposes. Artificial irrigation canals offer advantages such as a clean continuous flow, with the possibility of flow regulation: this together with their vast availability as agricultural infrastructure constitute the main motivation for the application sought with the results of this APP. It is thus established that the problem at hand is selecting an appropriate design in order to overcome some of the needs of rural populations and an effort to promote the use of renewable energies in order to lower cost in electrical bills as well as a reduction in carbon emissions produced by conventional power plants. Among the availability of different sources on turbines, the horizontal axis turbines types were selected. This type of turbine is relevant to the geometric and hydraulic characteristics and challenges of irrigation canals, as well as its easy construction and transport. The work methodology used is aimed at describing the geometric and hydraulic characteristics of irrigation canals, the engineering principles that govern the operation of hydraulic turbines and the fundamental characteristics of energy conversion to the generation of electrical energy. In the prototype design process, the main variables, hydraulic dimensioning, selection of geometric parameters and mechanical principles are identified. The prototype has the main purpose as test equipment for purposes of measurement and evaluation of design and operation parameters. The most important manufacturing procedures are highlighted, taking into account locally available materials and manufacturing facilities. In the same way, test results carried out are shown with discussions, conclusions and recommendations for improvements.


Kuldeep Agarwal

Committee Member

Shaheen Ahmed

Date of Degree




Document Type



Master of Science (MS)

Program of Study

Manufacturing Engineering Technology


Automotive and Manufacturing Engineering Technology


Science, Engineering and Technology



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