In early 2019, the United States officially started its direct negotiations with the Taliban to reach an agreement on a joint framework for a future peace deal in Afghanistan and inter-Afghan negotiations. Although debate continued over the size and duration of the US military presence in Afghanistan and the inclusion of the terrorist group the Taliban in the government of Afghanistan, what fell in and out of the headlines were the topic of women’s presence, their rights, and two decades of advocacy and achievements in these peace-building efforts. While the United Nations Security Council’s resolution 1325 on women, peace, and security, set into motion a consistent global movement towards recognition of gender-based roles and experiences to end violence and build sustainable peace, during the recent process of peace in Afghanistan, Afghan women consistently remained underrepresented both by the United States and the Taliban. Consequently, they have been feeling the rage that reached its peak by the fall of Afghanistan into the Taliban's hands in August 2021. My research “No Peace for Afghanistan: Case-Study of the Failure of Peace-Building Process in Afghanistan from a Transnational Feminist Standpoint,” addresses Afghan women’s marginalization from the recent process of peace negotiations, offers a new narrative of their advocacies for their lives and being included in landmark decision-making processes during the past twenty years, and analyzes the international community’s strategies in implementing peace negotiations with the Taliban, concerning women's conditions. Relying on case-study methodology as well as content analysis and virtual/patchwork ethnography by exploring online resources such as WhatsApp, Facebook, and Zoom applications, I will discuss how Afghan women, victims of war crimes, and other minorities felt marginalized from the decision-making process of peace-building. With this research, I aim to find possible answers to the question of what went wrong during the recent process of peace in Afghanistan. This research challenges the United States’ counterterrorism efforts and their impact on Afghan women’s situation, and US-Taliban’s exclusionary peace agreement through international human rights law and transnational feminism lens, and finally addresses the legal and feminist deficits of their agreement.


Yalda Hamidi

Committee Member

Ana Perez

Committee Member

Afroza Anwary

Date of Degree




Document Type



Master of Arts (MA)

Program of Study

Gender and Women’s Studies


Social and Behavioral Sciences



Rights Statement

In Copyright