Federal government agencies that provide services for women would presumably have an internal women-friendly organizational culture. In this study, organizational culture is measured by financial benefits - annual salary and federal General Schedule grade - provided to women. Regression analyses were used to examine whether gender, grade, and type of agency have an effect on salary and grade. Also bonuses to women are examined, as well as whether men or women are the heads of individual agencies or umbrella departments. Women were awarded fewer bonuses and lesser amounts as compared to men. Also women often are leaders of individual women-centered agencies, but are not typically leaders of gender-neutral agencies or umbrella departments. When compared to federal government organizations that provide gender-neutral services, women-centered agencies pay more. However, all women in the federal civil service make less than men. Even in women-centered agencies, the female employees make less money than male employees.


Kevin Parsneau

Committee Member

Fred Slocum

Committee Member

Kristie Campana

Date of Degree




Document Type



Master of Public Administration (MPA)


Social and Behavioral Sciences

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License



Rights Statement

In Copyright