Plan implementation is crucial to the success of any society. For a community to feel the impact of planning, planners should implement plans efficiently. In the light of the importance of plan implementation to our community, the study evaluated the various factors (institutional capacity, and citizen participation) that affected the implementation of the DMTDP (2006-2013) in Offinso Municipal Assembly (OMA) and Kwabre East District Assembly (KEDA) in Ghana. The Study used desk study and institutional survey to evaluate plan implementation in both districts. The study found that the challenges causing the poor performance in plan implementation in both District Assemblies and Ghana as a whole are multifaceted. These findings imply that a single solution is not going to cut it, and as such integrated approach should be adopted to improve plan implementation in OMA and KEDA and Ghana as a whole.
Some of the challenges of plan implementation identified by the study include over dependency on external funding or central government, low internally generated revenue, political interference, lack of political will, low citizen's involvement in planning, weak institutional capacity and others. The study recommended strategies such as improvement of staff capacities and competencies, enhancing the availability of physical resources, effective management of financial resources, encouraging citizen participation, adopting public-private partnership in plan implementation and others. The study recommends that these strategies are implemented simultaneously and integrated into the existing systems in both District Assemblies and Ghana as a whole.
Date of Degree
Master of Arts (MA)
Urban and Regional Studies
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Appiah, G. (2016). Why Has Plan Implementation Been Ineffective in Ghana? A Case Study of Planning in Kwabre East District Assembly and Offinso Municipal Assembly [Master’s thesis, Minnesota State University, Mankato]. Cornerstone: A Collection of Scholarly and Creative Works for Minnesota State University, Mankato. https://cornerstone.lib.mnsu.edu/etds/657/
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