The Late Woodland and Terminal Woodland traditions encompass a number of Native American cultural groups living in the Upper Midwest United States, dating between A.D. 400/500 and 1100/1200. Although archeological work has been done on many Woodland and Terminal Woodland sites in Illinois, Iowa, Michigan, Wisconsin, comparatively little has been done in Minnesota, and only a small amount has been done in southeastern Minnesota. As a result, Late Woodland and Terminal Woodland pottery complexes in the Red Wing, Minnesota area are still poorly understood.

Pottery types are the single most important artifact class used to identify population segments and trace both culture change and culture blending in the region. It has been proposed that evidence of cultural blending and relationships can be seen in Late Woodland pottery styles in the Red Wing area and a Terminal Woodland period may be present in observable changes in those Late Woodland pottery styles.

This thesis will result in a better understanding of how some of these complex sites fit into regional systems and will start to roughly define a Late Woodland archeological sequence for the Red Wing area. This will be accomplished by conducting a thorough examination and analysis of the pottery sequences present in four key late Woodland sites, the Bartron site (21GD02), the Pickerel Slough site (21GD181), the Silvernale West Terrace site (21GD254), and the Mosquito Terrace site (21GD260).


Ronald Schirmer

Committee Member

Kathleen Blue

Committee Member

Edward Fleming

Date of Degree




Document Type



Master of Science (MS)


Social and Behavioral Sciences

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