Violence against Native American women is heavily documented within the state of Minnesota. However, there is limited research documenting the processes advocates use to help Native women. Though there has been an increase in organizations dedicated to addressing the intersections of race and gender-based violence, much is unclear regarding the extent to which different types of programming are implemented across the state. Thus, this research study examined the implementation of cultural competency, a type of anti-violence programming, by advocates at one organization in Southern Minnesota. I hypothesized that advocates at the organization would have limited resources for implementing cultural competency for Native women and would have varying knowledge of how to incorporate it into their advocacy practice. This study found that although knowledge of the history of violence against Native women played a part in a lack of cultural competency several other causes, such as funding and whiteness, defined advocates' experience with cultural competency. Using the reflections from advocates, I proposed several processes for the decolonization of advocacy for Native women.


Shannon Miller

Committee Member

Laura Harrison

Committee Member

Chelsea Mead

Date of Degree




Document Type



Master of Science (MS)


Social and Behavioral Sciences

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License.



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