Technology has contributed to a smaller, more connected world. The United States has also become increasingly diverse, necessitating a more well-versed counseling profession to serve the needs of diverse clients and communities. One way of augmenting clinical supervision for counselors-in-training is through the use of videoconferencing. Cross- racial dynamics between supervisor and supervisee can present due to the power differential and evaluative capacity of the supervisor. The misuse of this power can result in unintended racial insults from the supervisor, directed at the supervisee. This case study examined the experience of three participants who experienced a racial microaggression in a cross-racial, videoconferencing supervision relationship. Participants were mental health practitioners who self-identified as a racial minority, received videoconferencing with a White supervisor, and experienced a racial microaggression while participating in videoconferencing supervision. Results revealed individual and collective case themes that impacted supervisees emotionally, physically, and behaviorally. In addition, themes indicated the experience of a racial microaggression also impacted the supervisor-supervisee and counselor-client relationship. Specific areas of future research and practice implications are identified, and recommendations for best practice guidelines for cross-racial, videoconferencing supervision are made.


Richard Auger

Committee Member

Karin Lindstrom-Bremer

Committee Member

John Seymour

Committee Member

Walter Roberts

Date of Degree




Document Type



Doctor of Education (EdD)


Counseling and Student Personnel



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.



Rights Statement

In Copyright