The present study examined the drivers of proactive behavior in a workplace. Amazon Mechanical Turk workers (N = 218), currently employed in the US for either a full-time or part-time position, completed a questionnaire measuring four different types of proactive work behaviors, three basic psychological needs, task interdependence, task significance, and employee engagement. The most important predictor in the study was the satisfaction of the basic psychological needs: autonomy, competence, and relatedness. Participants who scored high on psychological need satisfaction were more likely to perform proactive work behaviors than those who scored low. Also, psychological need satisfaction moderated the relationship between task significance and proactive work behaviors, such that those who scored low on psychological need satisfaction tended to perform proactive work behaviors only when they perceived their job to have meaningful impacts on their surroundings. Employee engagement partially mediated the relationship between psychological need satisfaction and proactive work behaviors. The limitations of the present study and future directions are discussed.
Date of Degree
Master of Arts (MA)
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Kawasaki, Shota, "Effects of Psychological Need Satisfaction on Proactive Work Behaviors" (2019). All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects. 903.
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