Obesity is a complex condition increasing in prevalence and consequence throughout the United States and the world. Obesity is affected not only physiologically but by one’s psychological aspects of life. Obesity contributes to countless chronic health conditions and thus greatly impacts a person’s wellness. A literature review was conducted to identify the following if in obese adults the benefit of cognitive behavioral therapy for weight loss and/or maintenance. A total of 10 articles met inclusion criteria from searches from databases that included ProQuest, Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane, and PsycINFO as well as bibliography review. Level of evidence includes two articles that are level seven evidence, three level five evidence, one level three, three level two and one level one evidence article. According to this body of research, the benefit of cognitive behavioral therapy alone for weight loss is inconclusive; however, when combined with motivational interviewing was associated with improved weight loss maintenance, and reduced attrition. With this growing, complex and multifactorial problem, it is essential that nurse practitioners have the best evidence-based interventions to offer their patients that will give them the highest rate of success at not only losing weight initially but maintaining their lost weight thus improving comorbidities.


Rhonda Cornell

Date of Degree




Document Type



Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)


School of Nursing


Allied Health and Nursing



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In Copyright