The purpose of this paper is to review and critique studies that have been conducted on dolphin-assisted therapy for children with various disorders. Studies have been released claiming swimming with dolphins is therapeutic and beneficial for children with autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, physical disabilities, and other psychological disorders. The majority of the studies conducted supporting the effectiveness of dolphin-assisted therapy have been found to have major methodological concerns making it impossible to draw valid conclusions. Readers will be informed of the history of, theory behind, and variations of dolphin-assisted therapy along with a review and critique of studies published which purportedly support its use.
Autism Research and Treatment
Fiksdal, B. L., Houlihan, D., Barnes, A. C. (2012). Dolphin-Assisted Therapy: Claims versus Evidence. Autism Research and Treatment, 2, Article ID 839792, 1-7, doi:10.1155/2012/839792
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Reprinted from Autism Research and Treatment, volume 2012, Article ID 839792. Retrieved from: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/aurt/2012/839792/abs/
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